Where did Viking gods and goddesses live?
Viking gods lived in palaces made of gold and silver in a kingdom in the sky called Asgard.
Which gods and goddesses did the Vikings worship?
The Vikings worshipped many gods and goddesses. Viking, or Norse gods were not immortal, however they lived for a long time and had superhuman powers. The gods belonged to two groups, the Aesir and the Vanir. Aesir gods were connected to victory and war. Vanir gods were connected to harvest and prosperity. The gods lived in palaces made of gold and silver in a kingdom in the sky called Asgard.
Odin sought knowledge and gave humans the runic alphabet. He was accompanied by ravens and rode a flying eight-legged horse. He was the king of the Aesir clan and associated with wisdom, healing and death.
Thor’s name is the basis for the word Thursday, ‘Thor’s day’. Thor was a hammer-wielding, humanity-protecting thunder-god. He was associated with lightning, thunder, storms and strength.
Freyja or Freya rode into battle on a chariot pulled by two cats to receive half of the dead. She owned a cloak made of falcon feathers and a necklace known as the Brísingamen. She was associated with love, beauty, fate and war and thought to use seiōr. Seiōr is Norse magic linked to telling and shaping the future. Freyja was a member of the Vanir clan.
Frigg’s name is the basis for the word Friday, ‘Frigg’s day’. She was the queen of the Aesir clan. She was associated with marriage, prophecy and motherhood. Scholars think Freyja and Frigg were either linked or the same person.
Tyr’s name is the basis for the word Tuesday, ‘Tyr’s day’. He had only one hand after it was bitten off by the wolf Fenrir. Tyr was associated with the formalities of war, especially treaties and justice.
Heimdall or Heimdallr keeps watch for invaders. He was associated with foreknowledge, good eyesight and good hearing.
Ymir was said to be born from venom that dripped from the icy river Élivágar and was both male and female.
Loki sometimes assisted the gods and sometimes was malicious towards them. He was a shapeshifter, meaning he could take different forms like a salmon, a mare, and a fly.
Balder was the son of Odin and Frigg. Stories tell of how the gods amused themselves by throwing things at him, knowing he wouldn’t get hurt. He died when Loki tricked Höd into throwing mistletoe at him.
Hel was the daughter of Loki. She ruled the Norse underworld.
Idun was the goddess of spring. She was the keeper of the magic apples of immortality the gods needed to eat to stay young.
Bragi is the Norse god of poetry and music.
Njord was the Norse god of wind and waters.