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The National Curriculum states that children throughout KS1 and KS2 should be taught not only word reading but reading comprehension too. An important part of this is exposing children to reading material that goes above the level they would be able to read independently in order to foster a love of, and curiosity for, reading.
In Year 1, children should be taught to:
In Year 2, children should be taught to:
Reading comprehension doesn't always have to involve worksheets full of questions for the children to answer! There are lots of fun ways to engage children in reading comprehension. Here are some of our favourite ideas:
Challenge children to follow a recipe to make a simple dish or drink, such as a sandwich, smoothie or fruit salad. Children will need to read and understand the recipe in order to successfully make their yummy treat!
A part of reading comprehension is challenging children to learn and understand new vocabulary. When you introduce text with unfamiliar vocabulary, stick a variety of possible word meanings up around the classroom. As you read a new word out, challenge children to go and find the word meaning they think is correct.
Create a quiz to test their understanding of a story, poem or non-fiction extract. This could be anything from a multiple-choice quiz for children to complete independently or a whole-class game-show style quiz (give pairs of children a buzzer or bell to ring when they know the answer).
Provide children with a different section of a story or poem each. As a group, children then need to organise themselves into the correct order to retell the narrative chronologically.
Provide children with a copy of a story or poem that they have just read together, but change some of the details so that they are wrong. Children then need to identify the errors and either re-write or retell the story with the correct information.
Challenge children to write a review of a story, poem or non-fiction text. They could include an overview of the content, what they liked or didn't like about it and whether or not they would recommend it to others.
Ask children to get into pairs, with one child pretending to be the author of a poem, story or book and the other being the interviewer. The interviewer should ask the author questions, such as: 'What is the story about?', 'What is your favourite part of the story?', 'Who are the characters?', 'Where does it take place?', etc.