How to construct a pictogram in KS1
Use concrete objects to start with. For example, ask children to sort toys into categories e.g. tedddies, trucks and trains. Then, introduce the idea of organising the objects into a chart in order to compare the groups more easily. As you model this process, use the vocabulary for each pictogram component (e.g. grid, axes, labels, categories, scale, interval) so children are familiar with these terms when they come to construct their own.
In Year 2, children should construct pictograms by drawing or sticking pictures on to a pre-labelled pictogram template. Often, this involves using the information provided in a simple tally chart. For maximum engagement, use data which matches the children's interests. For example, if your class love nature, ask them about their favourite animals, trees or flowers.
Moving on, children can label the intervals on a pictogram scale as they would label a number line. Deepen this understanding by using different interval values linked to skip counting. Can children label the scale in 2s, 5s and 10s? How does this change the value of the picture?
Pictograms also offer opportunities to revisit fractions. What is the value of half a picture in the pictogram? How can children use the pictogram scale to find out?