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Often, poetry is not seen as important in schools. However, teaching children to read, write, respond and perform poetry can have enormous benefits. Here are our top 4 reasons to teach poetry in primary schools:
A Haiku is a traditional Japanese poem that follows a tight syllabic structure. Haikus do not normally rhyme and they are usually written in the present tense. They juxtapose two subjects, usually related to some kind of natural or seasonal phenomenon.
Snowflakes falling down
They scatter when winter's here
Making white blankets
The correct name for a shape poem is a calligram. This is a type of poetry where the shape and layout of the letters and words on the paper relate to the poem's meaning. In shape poems, the shapes made by the letters, lines or verses expresses the meaning of the poem.
In free verse poetry, the structure is very loose. This is in contrast to many other forms of poetry which have tight structures. Free verse poetry is characterised by irregular rhythm and rhyme (although both may be used within free verse poems). Irregular line length is a feature of free verse poetry and literary devices such as alliteration, metaphor and similes are often used.
Limerics are often humorous and their origins can be traced back to the early years of the 18th century. Limerics are often written about a person in a particular place.
There was an old man from Nantucket
Who kept all his cash in a bucket;
But his daughter, named Nan
Ran away with a man -
And as for the bucket Nantucket.
Kennings are two word phrases. The two words are joined together with a hyphen and are usually created using a noun and a verb (e.g. spine-tingling, bone-chilling, life-giving, ear-piercing) or two nouns (e.g. book-worm, sky-scraper).
Kennings can be descriptive or metaphorical, which makes them perfect for poetry. Kennings phrases can be joined together to create effective poetry. In a kennings poem, each line is made up of two words joined using a hyphen. The poem itself often takes the form of a riddle, so that the reader has to guess what is being described.
What am I?
A sonnet is a very technical form of poetry which can be traced back to the 13th century. Sonnets originated in Italy. The majority of students will first encounter sonnets when they study the works of Shakespeare.
As the name suggests, performance poetry is poetry that is intended to be read aloud and performed. Techniques used to enhance the performance of poetry, such as intonation, tone, tempo, and volume, can be employed effectively to develop meaning for the listener.
Narrative poems are so called since they tell a story. They are written to be read aloud and are therefore great poems for children to perform.