## What are equivalent fractions?

Equivalent fractions are fractions that are **equal in size**, even though they have **different numerators and denominators**.

Equivalent fractions are fractions that are **equal in size**, even though they have **different numerators and denominators**.

If the denominator is **exactly double** the numerator, then the fraction is **equivalent to one half**.

If the denominator is **exactly three times** the numerator, then the fraction is **equivalent to one third**.

If the denominator is **exactly four times** the numerator, then the fraction is **equivalent to one quarter**.

To find an equivalent fraction of a given fraction, you need to **multiply or divide the numerator and denominator** by the same number.

1. In this missing number question, we have a missing **numerator**.

2. Look at the **denominators**. What would you multiply the first denominator by to make it equal the second denominator?

In this case, 8 **x 2** = 16.

3. To find the missing number, we now need to multiply the numerator of the first number by **2**.

In this case, 2 **x **2 = 4.

The missing numerator is **4**.

1. In this missing number question, we have a missing **denominator**.

2. Look at the **numerators**. What would you divide the first numerator by to make it equal the second numerator?

In this case, 12 **÷ 4** = 3.